Orthopaedic Associates of Zanesville’s Concussion Clinic was developed to provide comprehensive concussion management and help guide return-to-play decisions for children and adults. We are a team of sports medicine physicians and physical therapists that deliver individual care for athletes. We provide physical evaluation, assessment of concussion severity, ongoing monitoring and education for athletes, parents, coaches and school staff. We use clinical guidelines to implement the most appropriate treatment for return-to-play and return-to-school.
What Is a Concussion?
A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that can change the way your brain normally works. After a concussion, some people lose consciousness for a short time; however, most concussions do not result in a loss of consciousness.
What Are the Symptoms of a Concussion?
Symptoms of a concussion usually fall into four categories:
- Thinking/Remembering: Difficulty thinking clearly, feeling slowed down, difficulty remembering new information, difficulty concentrating, or struggling in school (with no previous history of difficulty)
- Physical: Headache, sensitivity to light and noise, nausea, feeling tired, fuzzy or blurry vision, dizziness, or balance problems
- Emotional/Mood: Irritability, sadness, nervousness, more emotional, changes in personality
- Sleep: Sleeping more or less than usual, trouble falling asleep
If you have any of the following symptoms, immediately seek care at the emergency department: headaches that worsen, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination, repeated vomiting or nausea, slurred speech, one pupil larger than the other, convulsions or seizures, increasing confusion or agitation, unusual behavior change, cannot recognize people or places, neck pain, or loss of consciousness (blackout).
If You Suspect a Sports Concussion
If you suspect that the athlete has a concussion, you should take the following steps:
- Remove the athlete from play
- Parents, coaches and school nurse should all be informed about the possible concussion
- Keep the athlete out of play until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating for concussion, provides written clearance that the athlete may return to play.