What Hurts

Identification is the first step to treatment. With our What Hurts tool you can take the first step and see what could be causing your symptoms. Then learn about possible next steps.


What-Hurts-Orthopaedic-Orthopedic-Services-Injury-head There are many different definitions currently for a concussion. American Academy of Neurology and Committee on Head Injury Nomenclature of the Neurological Surgeons are the two most widely accepted. “Any trauma induced alteration in mental status that may or may not include a loss of consciousness.” (AAN)

Concussions occur from children to adults but highest prevalence around high school athletes. Approximately 125-300/100,000 Americans suffer from a concussion every year.

HeadacheMemory loss
FogginessLoss of consciousness
Blurry visionTingling in hands or feet
Balance issuesEars ringing
Difficulty concentratingSlurred speech
Nausea or vomitingSensitivity to light and noise

Our physicians and rehabilitation experts are here to provide one-on-one care throughout treatment. Please contact our concussion trained physician to evaluate you today


What-Hurts-Orthopaedic-Orthopedic-Services-Injury-elbow The elbow is a hinge joint that connects the forearm to the upper arm. In addition to allowing the forearm to bend and extend it also allows rotation. This is how you are able to rotate the palm of your hand up and down. The bones are held together by ligaments. Several muscles surrounding the joint are responsible for movement. Elbow pain usually isn’t serious, but because you use your elbow in so many ways, elbow pain can definitely affect your life.

People experiencing elbow pain may have pain, swelling, tenderness, and numbness in the elbow. In more severe cases one may experience elbow instability or loss of normal movement. Overuse injuries tend to be one of the primary causes of elbow pain. This is often due to repetitive motions seen in sports, hobbies, or jobs. The elbow can be vulnerable to multiple injuries including sprains, fractures, dislocations, bone spurs, tendonitis and arthritic conditions.

Foot and Ankle

What-Hurts-Orthopaedic-Orthopedic-Services-Injury-foot-and-ankle.jpg The foot and ankle is made up of a complex system of bones, joints, tendons, ligaments and muscles. These all play critical roles in helping provide structure and stability so that you may run, jump, walk, twist and turn.

Common symptoms of foot and ankle pain can include swelling, tenderness and/or discomfort in and around joints, toes or heels. Injury, overuse, or conditions causing inflammation involving any of the bones, ligaments or tendons in the foot can cause foot pain. Ankle pain is commonly caused by a sprain, which occurs from a twisting or bending injury. Foot and ankle pain can be caused by a fracture in one or more of the bones, tendon injuries or ruptures, as well as arthritis, tendinitis, or bursitis.

Hand and Wrist

What-Hurts-Orthopaedic-Orthopedic-Services-Injury-hand-and-wrist Your hand and wrist is made up of several bones that connect to each other. Tough bands of ligament connect your wrist bones to each other and to your forearm bones and hand bones. Tendons attach muscles to bones. Damage to any of the parts of your wrist can cause pain and affect your ability to use your wrist and hand.

Sudden impacts, such as a fall onto your outstretched hand, can cause sprains or fractures. Any activity that involves repetitive stress or wrist motion can cause inflammation which can also lead to pain in the wrist and /or hand. Other common problems can include arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, cysts, dislocations, or torn ligaments.


What-Hurts-Orthopaedic-Orthopedic-Services-Injury-hip The hip is a ball and socket joint that fits together in a way to allow for fluid movement. The hip joint is designed to withstand repeated motion and a fair amount of wear of tear. Whenever you use the hip, a cushion of cartilage helps prevent friction as the hip bone moves in its socket. Despite its durability, the hip joint isn’t indestructible. Muscles and tendons in the hip can get overused.

Hip pain is a common complaint that can be caused by a wide variety of problems. With age and use, the cartilage can wear down or become damaged. Problems within the hip joint itself tend to result in pain on the inside of your hip or your groin. The hip bone can be fractured during a fall or other injury leading to pain. Hip pain on the outside of your hip, upper thigh or outer buttock is usually caused by problems with muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues that surround your hip joint.


What-Hurts-Orthopaedic-Orthopedic-Services-Injury-knee The knee is a joint and moves like a hinge, but it can also rotate and move from side to side. The knee is more likely to be damaged than most other joints because of the tremendous forces we put on them. Knee pain can be caused by a sudden injury, overuse, or by an underlying condition.

Patients with knee pain typically experience swelling, stiffness, weakness or instability in the joint. One can also experience crunching or popping noises or the inability to fully straighten the knee. Knee pain can be caused by injuries during activities like sports or tasks at work or home. Injuries to the knee can be sudden, such as a fall, a direct blow to the knee, or abnormal twisting or bending of the knee. Knee pain can also be caused by overuse or repetitive motions. This can be connected with running, jumping, bicycle riding, or climbing stairs.


What-Hurts-Orthopaedic-Orthopedic-Services-Injury-shoulder The shoulder provides more flexibility than any other part of the body. It is made up of several joints that combine with tendons and muscles that allow a wide range of motion in the arm, from combing your hair to throwing the perfect pitch. Most shoulder problems typically can be due to tendon inflammation which can be bursitis or tendinitis, a tendon tear, instability, arthritis or a fracture.

Some of the most common symptoms of shoulder pain include pain, swelling, and stiffness. The pain may be isolated in the joint or felt within the muscles and tendons of the shoulder.

Mobility has its price and may lead to increasing problems with instability or impingement of the soft tissue or bony structures in the shoulder which results in pain. You may only feel pain when you move your shoulder or you may feel pain all of the time.

Sports Medicine

What-Hurts-Orthopaedic-Orthopedic-Services-Injury-sports-medicineSports Medicine is a field of medicine that is concentrated on the prevention and treatment of injuries along with other health problems that affect people who play sports.

Orthopaedic Associates of Zanesville and Sports Medicine Zanesville has a team of board certified physicians with experience in treating professional, collegiate, high school, and recreational athletes of all ages. Our sports medicine team is highly trained in recognizing, diagnosing and treating concussions, fractures, sprains, along with a number of injuries sustained by any athlete.

They have an awesome program for athletes on Friday nights after the game. Great staff, very pleasant. Plus I've been there myself for a shoulder injury. Highly recommend for any injury.